Many attractive and functional efficient elements can be added to the landscape design.
The gabion wall is an example. The gabion wall can be used as a retaining wall, decorative site wall, seat wall, decorative wall, etc. in the landscape.
Gabion walls are very suitable for modern designs in the middle of the Middle Ages because their shapes tend to be more linear and it is more difficult to make organic shapes with gabion nets.
The use of this hardscape structure has increased in the past few years, and if you are considering using it in your next beautification project, this is what you should know.
Welded Gabion is derived from the word "cage" in Italian and is a metal wire container that can hold any inorganic material. They can form flexible, permeable structures and are very effective in stabilizing coastlines against erosion.
These cages were originally wicker and were commonly used for civil engineering and military purposes. Leonardo da Vinci even used gabion nets to lay the foundation of San Marco Castle in Milan.
Gabion nets should not be confused with fortresses, which are usually stone cages lined with geotextile, allowing geotextiles to be filled with granular soil fillers instead of rocks.
Jurgensen said: "I think that large experts are economical, require almost no maintenance, are easy to install, have a long service life, and can be created quickly."
The cost of the wall depends on the steel wire used, as there are various grades and specifications of steel wire mesh available, but usually, they are galvanized. Another factor that determines the cost is the filling material used.
Horny rocks are the best gabion fillers because they can be locked together and provide a fixed unit. If your customer wants to use round river stone as a filling material to help it maintain its shape, Jürgensen recommends thicker steel wire.
Jurgensen said that unskilled workers can easily learn to properly erect, fill, and close wire baskets.
He said: "There is no need for piling, an underwater drainage system, and excavation." "There is no need to drain the site or build a cofferdam for underwater installation. The first layer of the gabion net can be placed in water or mud.
Jurgensen said there is no need to build a foundation for the gabion walls because when you fill the gabion walls with stones, they will weigh a lot. He said that what anchors the wall is the absolute mass and weight of the structure. The longer it exists, the more positions it has, and the stronger it becomes.
Any gabion wall 3 feet or less does not need to calculate the possible load and stress, but Jurgensen said that if you want to exceed 3 feet, you should ask engineers to participate to ensure its safe construction.
The service life of the gabion wall depends on the type of wire used and the amount of salt spray exposure.
Jurgensen said: "Things in coastal areas tend to rust like any metal." "The farther you go inland, the longer they tend to last, but the typical life span is 50 to 100 years."
The gabion wall has high permeability and can discharge any hydrostatic pressure, so there is no need to install a drainage system.
Unlike traditional concrete walls, gabion walls are flexible and can move with the soil.
"It has the ability to follow, so you will not fail. In the concrete wall, you will crack and eventually collapse under the action of the foundation and internal stress of the movement."
Some disadvantages are usually that gabion nets are too small to hold a small space, and they may provide shelter for unwanted flora and fauna.
"One of the disadvantages, and depending on what you are after, is a lot of wind-blown and water-carrying debris, and the soil may end up clogging all the cracks in the wall, so you may actually end up growing some vegetation in it Walls. Some people like that, others don’t want to see that."
Another possible drawback is the industrial appearance of the gabion wall. Jurgensen said that some people like it, while others prefer a more natural wall. He said that one way to make these walls more attractive is to choose a high-quality filling material.
He said: “The more attractive the stone you use, the better its overall appearance.” “There are several ways to fill these gabion nets. You can use a good-looking stone as a finishing material, which is actually Show the content to the audience, and then you can backfill it with cheaper and higher industrial grade stone. This stone will not be visible but still serves as the structural component wall of the gabion net."
Filling materials range from logs to broken concrete to slag glass.
Jurgensen said: "You will see various types of landscape glass, large pieces of colored glass are carefully designed during the day and night." "The neat thing about filling it with glass is that you can use lighting inside. , So you can run lighting inside the gabion wall behind the glass and then light it up at night."
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